Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Larry D. Hinzman; Neil D. Bettez; W. Robert Bolton; F. Stuart Chapin; Mark B. Dyurgerov; Chris L. Fastie; Brad Griffith; Robert D. Hollister; Allen Hope; Henry P. Huntington; Anne M. Jensen; Gensuou J. Jia; Torre Jorgenson; Douglas L. Kane; David R. Klein; Gary Kofinas; Amanda H. Lynch; Andrea H. Lloyd; A. David McGuire; Frederick E. Nelson; Walter C. Oechel; Thomas E. Osterkamp; Charles H. Racine; Vladimir E. Romanovsky; Robert S. Stone; Douglas A. Stow; Matthew Sturm; Craig E. Tweedie; George L. Vourlitis; Marilyn D. Walker; Donald A. Walker; Patrick J. Webber; Jeffrey M. Welker; Kevin S. Winker; Kenji. Yoshikawa
    Date: 2005
    Source: Climatic Change. 72: 251-298
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: View PDF  (3.0 MB)

    Description

    The Arctic climate is changing. Permafrost is warming, hydrological processes are changing and biological and social systems are also evolving in response to these changing conditions. Knowing how the structure and function of arctic terrestrial ecosystems are responding to recent and persistent climate change is paramount to understanding the future state of the Earth system and how humans will need to adapt. Our holistic review presents a broad array of evidence that illustrates convincingly; the Arctic is undergoing a system-wide response to an altered climatic state. New extreme and seasonal surface climatic conditions are being experienced, a range of biophysical states and processes influenced by the threshold and phase change of freezing point are being altered, hydrological and biogeochemical cycles are shifting, and more regularly human sub-systems are being affected. Importantly, the patterns, magnitude and mechanisms of change have sometimes been unpredictable or difficult to isolate due to compounding factors. In almost every discipline represented, we show how the biocomplexity of the Arctic system has highlighted and challenged a paucity of integrated scientific knowledge, the lack of sustained observational and experimental time series, and the technical and logistic constraints of researching the Arctic environment. This study supports ongoing efforts to strengthen the interdisciplinarity of arctic system science and improve the coupling of large scale experimental manipulation with sustained time series observations by incorporating and integrating novel technologies, remote sensing and modeling.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pnw_pnwpubs@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Hinzman, Larry D.; Bettez, Neil D.; Bolton, W. Robert; Chapin, F. Stuart; Dyurgerov, Mark B.; Fastie, Chris L.; Griffith, Brad; Hollister, Robert D.; Hope, Allen; Huntington, Henry P.; Jensen, Anne M.; Jia, Gensuou J.; Jorgenson, Torre; Kane, Douglas L.; Klein, David R.; Kofinas, Gary; Lynch, Amanda H.; Lloyd, Andrea H.; McGuire, A. David; Nelson, Frederick E.; Oechel, Walter C.; Osterkamp, Thomas E.; Racine, Charles H.; Romanovsky, Vladimir E.; Stone, Robert S.; Stow, Douglas A.; Sturm, Matthew; Tweedie, Craig E.; Vourlitis, George L.; Walker, Marilyn D.; Walker, Donald A.; Webber, Patrick J.; Welker, Jeffrey M.; Winker, Kevin S.; Yoshikawa, Kenji. 2005. Evidence and implications of recent climate change in northern Alaska and other arctic regions. Climatic Change. 72: 251-298

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page