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    Author(s): B. Francis Kukachka
    Date: 1960
    Source: TAPPI. Vol. 43, no. 11 (Nov. 1960): pages 887-896.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (765 KB)


    The identification of coniferous woods is generally regarded as being more difficult than for the hardwood species. This is due to the fact that conifers are more elemental in their structure and, as a consequence, the number of diagnostic features that may he employed is proportionately smaller. Instructions are given here in the sequential use of primary diagnostic features in the identification of coniferous woods. These may be used from the data chart or by sorting marginally perforated cards. Microscopic features are necessarily emphasized because of the greater accuracy obtainable through their usage. The majority of the species described are found in the continental United States and Canada; however, several exotic species found in commercial channels are also included.

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    Kukachka, B. Francis. 1960. Identification of coniferous woods. TAPPI. Vol. 43, no. 11 (Nov. 1960): pages 887-896.


    Wood anatomy, identification, conifers, softwoods, microscopic structure

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