Skip to Main Content
Acoustic analysis of warp potential of green ponderosa pine lumberAuthor(s): Xiping Wang; William T. Simpson
Source: Proceedings : 9th International IUFRO Wood Drying Conference : 2005 August 21-26, Nanjing, China. Nanjing, China : Nanjing Forestry University, 2005: pages 155-160.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: View PDF (93 KB)
DescriptionThis study evaluated the potential of acoustic analysis as presorting criteria to identify warp-prone boards before kiln drying. Dimension lumber, 38 by 89 mm (nominal 2 by 4 in.) and 2.44 m (8 ft) long, sawn from open-grown small-diameter ponderosa pine trees, was acoustically tested lengthwise at green condition. Three acoustic properties (acoustic speed, rate of wave attenuation, and acoustic modulus of elasticity (MOE)) were then determined through waveform analysis. Boards were then kiln dried, and warp was measured immediately after drying and after equilibrating to about 13 percent equilibrium moisture content. Crook and bow measured after drying decreased as acoustic speed and acoustic MOE of green boards increased and rate of wave attenuation of green boards decreased Twist was found to have no relationship with any acoustic propelties of green 2 by 4’s. The results also show a statistically significant correlation between acoustic properties of green 2 by 4’s and the grade loss caused by exceeding warp limits. As the number of Structural Light Framing grade losses from the green grade increased, the acoustic speed and acoustic MOE decreased significantly, whereas rate of wave attenuation increased significantly. However, no relationship was found between green board density and warp and grades lost.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationWang, Xiping; Simpson, William T. 2005. Acoustic analysis of warp potential of green ponderosa pine lumber. Proceedings : 9th International IUFRO Wood Drying Conference : 2005 August 21-26, Nanjing, China. Nanjing, China : Nanjing Forestry University, 2005: pages 155-160.
KeywordsWood, grading, elasticity, modulus of elasticity, ponderosa pine, drying, nondestructive testing, wood moisture, green lumber, equilibrium moisture content, warping, acoustic testing, ponderosa pine, kiln drying
- Using acoustic analysis to presort warp-prone ponderosa pine 2 by 4s before kiln-drying
- Effect of drying temperature on warp and downgrade of 2 by 4's from small-diameter ponderosa pine
- Structural lumber from suppressed-growth ponderosa pine from northern Arizona.
XML: View XML