Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Tim Bradley; Jennifer Gibson; Windy Bunn
    Date: 2006
    Source: In: Andrews, Patricia L.; Butler, Bret W., comps. 2006. Fuels Management-How to Measure Success: Conference Proceedings. 28-30 March 2006; Portland, OR. Proceedings RMRS-P-41. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 419-428
    Publication Series: Proceedings (P)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (315 B)

    Description

    Fire risk is an ever present management concern in many urban interface regions. To mitigate this risk, land management agencies have expanded their options beyond prescribed fire to include vegetation mastication and other mechanical fuel treatments. This research project examined fire severity and intensity in masticated and unmanipulated units that were burned in spring in a Northern California mixed shrub woodland. Mastication treatments significantly altered the fuel profile, resulting in an approximate 200 percent average increase in woody fuel cover for 1-hr and 1000-hr TLFM size classes, and greater than 300 percent average cover increase in 10-hr and 100-hr TLFM size classes. The mean flame length (29 vs. 10 inches/ 74 vs. 25 cm) and flame zone depth (20 vs. 6 inches/ 51 vs. 15 cm) were significantly greater (P<0.001) in masticated units than in unmanipulated units as were the mean temperatures at the litter surface (657°F vs. 219°F/ 347°C vs. 104°C) and 1.64 ft (0.5 m) above the litter surface (277°F vs. 59°F/ 136°C vs. 15°C) (P<0.001). Greater flaming and heat release in the masticated units led to increased mortality of overstory and pole-sized oaks and conifers posing conflicts with the management objective of retaining overstory vegetation.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to rmrspubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Bradley, Tim; Gibson, Jennifer; Bunn, Windy. 2006. Fire Severity and Intensity During Spring Burning in Natural and Masticated Mixed Shrub Woodlands. In: Andrews, Patricia L.; Butler, Bret W., comps. 2006. Fuels Management-How to Measure Success: Conference Proceedings. 28-30 March 2006; Portland, OR. Proceedings RMRS-P-41. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 419-428

    Keywords

    fire, fire ecology, fuels management, fire severity, fire intensity, vegetation mastication, mechanical fuel treatments

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/25966