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Flows of mill residues to pulp and board manufacturers, Washington, Oregon, and California, 1968.Author(s): Grover A. Choate
Source: Res. Bull. PNW-RB-039. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 56 p
Publication Series: Resource Bulletin (RB)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
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DescriptionTwelve million tons of residues from lumber and veneer and plywood mills went to pulp and board use in 1968; nearly 88 percent went to domestic mills and most of the remainder to overseas export. Of the 10.3 million tons that went to domestic mills, 83 percent went to pulpmills (average distance 82 miles) and 17 percent to board mills (30 miles); 74 percent was shipped by lumber mills (68 miles) and 26 percent by veneer and plywood mills (88 miles). Fifty percent of residues to domestic mills went by truck (37 miles), 35 percent by rail (147 miles), 6 percent by barge (59 miles), and 9 percent by onsite transport (1 mile). One-fourth of the shipments to domestic mills were between mills of the same ownership and three-fourths between mills of different ownerships. Percentage of sawmill residues going by truck decreased with increasing sawmill size; rail, onsite, and barge use increased. Nine million tons of wood residues of sawmills and veneer and plywood mills were either unused or went for fuel in 1968. Residue volumes, shipping distances, etc., varied among the eight pulp and board manufacturing areas used in the report.
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CitationChoate, Grover A. 1972. Flows of mill residues to pulp and board manufacturers, Washington, Oregon, and California, 1968. Res. Bull. PNW-RB-039. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 56 p
Keywordsfreight transportation, pulpmills, sawmills, manufacturing
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