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Simulating the impacts of southern pine beetle and fire on the dynamics of xerophytic pine landscapes in the southern AppalachiansAuthor(s): J.D. Waldron; C.W. Lafon; R.N. Coulson; D.M. Cairns; M.D. Tchakerian; A. Birt; K.D. Klepzig
Source: Applied Vegetation Science, Vol. 10: 53-64
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
PDF: Download Publication (2.01 MB)
DescriptionQuestion: Can fire be used to maintain Yellow pine (Pinus subgenus Diploxylon) stands disturbed by periodic outbreaks of southern pine beetle?
Location: Southern Appalachian Mountains, USA.
Methods: We used LANDIS to model vegetation disturbance and succession on four grids representative of xeric landscapes in the southern Appalachians. Forest dynamics of each landscape were simulated under three disturbance scenarios: southern pine beetle, fire, and southern pine beetle and fire, as well as a no disturbance scenario. We compared trends in the abundance of pine and hardwood functional types as well as individual species.
Results: Yellow pine abundance and open woodland conditions were best maintained by a combination of fire and southern pine beetle disturbance on both low elevation sites as well as mid-elevation ridges & peaks. On mid-elevation SE-W facing slopes, pine woodlands were best maintained by fire alone.
Conclusions: Our simulations suggest that fire can help maintain open pine woodlands in stands affected by southern pine beetle outbreaks.
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CitationWaldron, J.D.; Lafon, C.W.; Coulson, R.N.; Cairns, D.M.; Tchakerian, M.D.; Birt, A.; Klepzig, K.D. 2007. Simulating the impacts of southern pine beetle and fire on the dynamics of xerophytic pine landscapes in the southern Appalachians. Applied Vegetation Science, Vol. 10: 53-64
KeywordsDendroctonus frontalis, Forest disturbance, forest restoration, LANDIS, landscape modeling, Pinus, vegetation dynamics
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