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Effect of ponderosa pine needle litter on grass seedling survival.Author(s): Burt R. McConnell; Justin G. Smith
Source: Res. Note PNW-RN-155. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 8 p
Publication Series: Research Note (RN)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (410 KB)
DescriptionHard fescue survival rates were followed for 6 years on four different pine needle treatment plots. Needle litter had a significant effect on initial survival of fescue seedlings, but subsequent losses undoubtedly resulted from the interaction of many factors.
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CitationMcConnell, Burt R.; Smith, Justin G. 1971. Effect of ponderosa pine needle litter on grass seedling survival. Res. Note PNW-RN-155. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 8 p
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