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    Author(s): Jimmy L. ReavesCharles G. III Shaw; Robert E. Martin; John E. Mayfield
    Date: 1984
    Source: Res. Note PNW-RN-418. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 12 p
    Publication Series: Research Note (RN)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (670 KB)

    Description

    Ash leachates from recently burned litter in a ponderosa pine forest in central Oregon were tested for their effects on growth and development of Armillaria mellea in culture. Two isolates were used: one from an infected western hemlock and the other from an infected ponderosa pine tree. Colonies developing from agar discs containing mycelia of the hemlock isolate and grown on a solid agar-base medium supplemented with leachates extracted from 1, 5, 10, or 20 grams of ash per liter of media had significantly lower dry weights than colonies grown on nonsupplemented medium. There were no significant differences among leachate concentrations in dry weight of colonies developing from aerial rhizomorph tips of the hemlock isolate, although these colonies had significantly greater dry weights at each concentration than did those developing from mycelia. Some colonies started with aerial rhizormoph tips of the hemlock isolate developed mycelial fans similar to those found in trees infected with A. mellea. Colonies started with mycelia of the pine isolate and grown on media supplemented with 5 grams of ash leachate had significantly less growth than controls or cultures grown on media with 10 grams of ash leachate. Colonies started with aerial rhizomorph tips of the pine isolate showed no significant differences in growth among the leachate treatments. At 1 and 5 grams of ash leachate, colonies started with mycelia of the pine isolate had significantly less growth than colonies started with aerial rhizomorph tips.

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    Citation

    Reaves, Jimmy L.; Shaw, Charles G. III; Martin, Robert E.; Mayfield, John E. 1984. Effects of ash leachates on growth and development of Armillaria mellea in culture. Res. Note PNW-RN-418. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 12 p

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    Keywords

    root rot, Armillaria mellea, rhizomorphs, mycelial fans, fire (forest), cations

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