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Transport of bedload sediment and channel morphology of a southeast Alaska stream.Author(s): Margaret A. Estep; Robert L. Beschta
Source: Res. Note PNW-RN-430. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 16 p
Publication Series: Research Note (RN)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
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DescriptionDuring 1980-81, transport of bedload sediment and channel morphology were determined at Trap Bay Creek, a third-order stream that drains a 13.5-square kilometer watershed on Chichagof island in southeast Alaska. Bedload sediment was sampled for 10 storms: peak flows ranged from 0.6 to 19.0 cubic meters per second, and transport rates ranged from 4 to 4400 kilograms per hour. Peak transport rates typically occurred during peak streamflow. Transport of bedload sediment at a riffle over 1600 meters upstream from the mouth of the watershed was greater for most storm events than that measured at another riffle 22 meters downstream. Transport was greatest at the downstream riffle, however, during the most severe storm of the season and during another storm 1 week later. Both magnitude of storm and availability of sediment appeared to determine the transport of bedload sediment in Trap Bay Creek. Regression relationships were developed between streamflow (independent variable), several transport variables, and particle sizes in two diameter classes (D50 and D90). Analysis revealed that total bedload discharge was positively correlated with streamflow; transport of either diameter class, however, had no consistent relationship with streamflow from one storm to the next. Relationships between particulate organic matter and streamflow were also highly variable from storm to storm. Observations indicated that large organic debris, especially fallen trees, played a major role in determining channel morphology; tidal action was an important factor affecting channel characteristics in the lower 1300 meters of the channel.
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CitationEstep, Margaret A.; Beschta, Robert L. 1985. Transport of bedload sediment and channel morphology of a southeast Alaska stream. Res. Note PNW-RN-430. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 16 p
Keywordsbedload, sediment transport, channels (stream), stormflow, southeast Alaska
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