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Ammonium nitrate, urea, and biuret fertilizers increase volume growth of 57-year-old Douglas-fir trees within a gradient of nitrogen deficiency.Author(s): Richard E. Miller; Donald L. Reukema; John W. Hazard
Source: Res. Pap. PNW-RP-490. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 12 p
Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
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DescriptionIn a nitrogen-deficient plantation in southwest Washington, we (1) compared effects of 224 kg N/ha as ammonium nitrate, urea, and biuret on volume growth of dominant and codominant Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco); (2) determined how 8-year response of these trees to fertilization was related to their distance from a strip of the plantation interplanted with nitrogen-fixing red alder (Alnus rubra Bong.); and (3) observed effects of biuret on understory vegetation. On both sides of the strip centerline, we grouped subject trees into 30 plots of 4 trees each, based on slope position and distance from alder. We randomly assigned three fertilizers and a control within each plot. We analyzed separately data from east and west of the mixed stand centerline. Initial volume differed greatly among the 120 trees on each side, so we used covariance analysis to adjust observed treatment means. Adjusted mean volume growth was increased (p ≤ 0.10) by 22 to 28 percent on the east side and by 11 to 14 percent on the west side, with no significant difference in response to the three fertilizers. Only biuret stimulated growth within the mixed stand. Biuret had no visible toxic effect on competing vegetation during 8 years after application.
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CitationMiller, Richard E.; Reukema, Donald L.; Hazard, John W. 1996. Ammonium nitrate, urea, and biuret fertilizers increase volume growth of 57-year-old Douglas-fir trees within a gradient of nitrogen deficiency. Res. Pap. PNW-RP-490. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 12 p
KeywordsPseudotsuga menziesii, Douglas-fir, Alnus rubra, red alder, nitrogen fertilization, biuret, ammonium nitrate, urea, volume growth
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