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    Author(s): Karl Zeller; Christo Bojinov; Evgeny Donev; Nedialko Nikolov
    Date: 1998
    Source: In: Bytnerowicz, Andrzej; Arbaugh, Michael J.; Schilling, Susan L., tech. coords. Proceedings of the international symposium on air pollution and climate change effects on forest ecosystems. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-166. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 79-86
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (170 KB)

    Description

    Bulgaria's forest ecosystems (31 percent of the country's area) are considered vulnerable to dry and wet pollution deposition. Coniferous forests that cover one-third of the total forest land are particularly sensitive to pollution loads. The USDA Forest Service, Sofia University, and the Bulgarian Forest Research Institute (FRI) established a cooperative program to study a Rila Mountain forest ecosystem site, its climatology, air quality, surrounding watershed, hydrology, and soil characteristics. The cooperative program was initiated in September 1991 by upgrading an existing climatology site: Ovnarsko no.3 in the Govedartsi Valley on the north slope of the Rila Mountains. The dominant tree species surrounding the site include Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), black pine (Pinus nigra Arn.), Norway spruce (Picea abies Karst.), white fir (Abies alba Mill.), beech (Fagus sylvatica L.), and several oak species (i.e., Quercus petraea Liebl, Q. pubescens Willd., Q. conferta Kit., Q. cerris L., and Q. robur). Weekly concentrations of nitrate, sulfate, sulfur dioxide, calcium, sodium, and potassium were measured using a filter-pack technique. Data for 18 weeks between October 1991 and November 1993 were collected. Annual acidic aerosol deposition values for 1992 and 1993 were estimated for SO42, which was slightly above 3 kg ha-1 yr-1, and for NO3-, which decreased from 1.3 to 0.3 kg ha-1 yr-1.

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    Citation

    Zeller, Karl; Bojinov, Christo; Donev, Evgeny; Nikolov, Nedialko. 1998. Bulgarian Rila mountain forest ecosystems study site: site description and SO42-, NO3- deposition. In: Bytnerowicz, Andrzej; Arbaugh, Michael J.; Schilling, Susan L., tech. coords. Proceedings of the international symposium on air pollution and climate change effects on forest ecosystems. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-166. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 79-86

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