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    Author(s): Igor F. Buksha; Valentina L. Meshkova; Oleg M. Radchenko; Alexander S. Sidorov
    Date: 1998
    Source: In: Bytnerowicz, Andrzej; Arbaugh, Michael J.; Schilling, Susan L., tech. coords. Proceedings of the international symposium on air pollution and climate change effects on forest ecosystems. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-166. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 271-280
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (390 KB)

    Description

    Forests in the Ukraine are affected by environmental pollution, intensive forestry practice, and recreational uses. These factors make them sensitive to impacts of climate change. Since 1989 Ukraine has participated in the International Cooperative Program on Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests (ICP-Forests). A network of monitoring plots has been established in 14 administrative regions and in the Crimea. From 1989 to 1995 the primary estimation criteria by the ICP Level 1 Program -- defoliation and discoloration of forest stands -- have been observed on 215 plots. Data obtained by the ICP-Forests protocol show that the recent decrease in air pollution was not followed by reduced forest defoliation. Thus, the estimation parameters established for that monitoring program are inadequate to determine accurate causeeffect relationships between forest health and external impacts. Defoliation and discoloration extended and expanded with the support of the USDA Forest Service's Forest Health Monitoring Program (FHM). More intensive and more informative monitoring has been implemented, complementing activities on the primary extensive monitoring network. Climate change impact may indicate pest damage, air pollution, fungi, or weather anomalies. These causes are difficult to identify at the extensive monitoring level. In summer 1995, climate change impact on the Ukrainian forests was estimated using the FHM protocols for forest vulnerability and adaptations assessment. Potential forests, main tree species distribution, and forest communities biodiversity was made estimated by using a geographical information system (GIS).

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    Citation

    Buksha, Igor F.; Meshkova, Valentina L.; Radchenko, Oleg M.; Sidorov, Alexander S. 1998. Air pollution and climate change effects on health of the Ukrainian forests: monitoring and evalution. In: Bytnerowicz, Andrzej; Arbaugh, Michael J.; Schilling, Susan L., tech. coords. Proceedings of the international symposium on air pollution and climate change effects on forest ecosystems. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-166. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 271-280

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