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    Author(s): Janette Holtz; Marie A. Simovich; Thomas Philippi
    Date: 2005
    Source: In: Kus, Barbara E., and Beyers, Jan L., technical coordinators. Planning for Biodiversity: Bringing Research and Management Together. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-195. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture: 261-263
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (110 KB)

    Description

    Vernal pool habitat losses in San Diego County, California, are estimated at 95 percent and will increase as development continues. The majority of San Diego’s remaining pools are located at the Marine Corps Air Station, Miramar. Crustacean communities in eight vernal pools in San Diego County were sampled over 3 years that differed in rainfall amount and pattern. In 1994, rains occurred late but were moderate in quantity, and species richness ranged from 1 to 22 species; 1998 was a high rainfall El Niño year, and pools varied from 0 to 15 species; 1999 was a low rainfall La Niña year, and pools contained 4 to 7 species. No spatial pattern was seen among neighboring pools. Longer-lived pools had more species, including the more rare species; smaller pools included the more common taxa (table 1). Diversity within pools varied between years, although the highest rainfall year did not result in the highest diversity (fig. 1). These data indicate the necessity of surveying multiple pools over a period of several years to establish baseline data for these complex communities. Therefore, adequate monitoring of restored or created pools must extend over several pools and several years. Certain species present within a cyst bank may not hatch every year due to weather conditions or other factors. Some species hatch repeatedly after a filling but may not breed and replenish the bank.

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    Citation

    Holtz, Janette; Simovich, Marie A.; Philippi, Thomas. 2005. Spatial and temporal variation in ephemeral pool crustacean communities. In: Kus, Barbara E., and Beyers, Jan L., technical coordinators. Planning for Biodiversity: Bringing Research and Management Together. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-195. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture: 261-263

    Keywords

    habitat loss, rainfall pattern, species diversity, vernal pools

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