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    Author(s): Kenneth F. Raffa; Luana S. Maroja; Steven M. Bogdanowicz; Kimberly F. Wallin; Richard G. Harrison
    Date: 2007
    Source: In: Bentz, Barbara; Cognato, Anthony; Raffa, Kenneth, eds. Proceedings from the Third Workshop on Genetics of Bark Beetles and Associated Microorganisms. Proc. RMRS-P-45. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 27-28
    Publication Series: Proceedings (P)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (190.89 KB)

    Description

    Spruce beetle, Dendroctonus rufipennis (Kirby), is one of the most broadly distributed bark beetles in North America, extending from Alaska to Newfoundland, south to Arizona. It colonizes most species of spruce within its range. Usually it is associated with highly stressed or killed trees, but under certain conditions undergoes landscape level eruptions that kill millions of trees (Werner and others 1977), regardless of their physiological condition (Wallin and Raffa 2004). Populations may be semivoltine or univoltine, depending on temperature (Hansen and others 2001). Spruce beetles show relatively close associations with several species of fungi (Six and Bentz 2003), some of which vary in frequency with beetle population phase (Aukema and others 2005).

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    Citation

    Raffa, Kenneth F.; Maroja, Luana S.; Bogdanowicz, Steven M.; Wallin, Kimberly F.; Harrison, Richard G. 2007. Phylogeography of Dendroctonus rufipennis based on mtDNA and microsatellites. In: Bentz, Barbara; Cognato, Anthony; Raffa, Kenneth, eds. Proceedings from the Third Workshop on Genetics of Bark Beetles and Associated Microorganisms. Proc. RMRS-P-45. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 27-28.

    Keywords

    phylogeography, spruce beetle, Dendroctonus rufipennis, mtDNA, microsatellites

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