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    Author(s): John K. Gnanaratnam
    Date: 1993
    Source: In: Raynor, Bill; Bay, Roger R., technical coordinators. Proceedings of the workshop on research methodologies and applications for Pacific Island agroforestry; July 16-20, 1990; Kolonia, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-140. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; p. 78-79
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (157 KB)

    Description

    The forest is an integral part of the island ecosystem, and any indiscriminate destruction is bound to cause a shift in the climatic conditions, increased soil erosion, and other effects. The conservation of existing forestry is of great importance. Future patterns of agricultural development in the Pacific Islands should aim to integrate with the forest cover rather than eliminate it. Climatically, Pohnpei is regarded as one of the best sites in the world for the cultivation of a range of high value spice crops. One spice crop that will thrive well in the existing forests above 1500 m is cardamom (Elletaria cardamomum), a potential crop for the Pacific. Initially, it will be necessary to carry out research relating to 1) adaptability at different elevations, 2) intro-duction of high yielding varieties, 3) resistance to pests and diseases, and 4) soils and shade management. Research is also necessary to identify suitable processing techniques for the spice crops currently cultivated on Pohnpei, including black pepper (Piper nigrum) and cloves (Eugenia carophyllus).

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    Citation

    Gnanaratnam, John K. 1993. Potentials of integrating spice crops with forestry in the Pacific Islands. In: Raynor, Bill; Bay, Roger R., technical coordinators. Proceedings of the workshop on research methodologies and applications for Pacific Island agroforestry; July 16-20, 1990; Kolonia, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-140. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; p. 78-79

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