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Federal disaster assistance programsAuthor(s): William J. Patterson
Source: In: Weise, David R.; Martin, Robert E., technical coordinators. The Biswell symposium: fire issues and solutions in urban interface and wildland ecosystems; February 15-17, 1994; Walnut Creek, California. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-158. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; p. 45-46
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
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DescriptionThe Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act—Public Law 93-288, as amended—is designed to provide support and assistance to citizens, state, and local government from catastrophic disasters and emergencies. The law provides support in three distinct phases, including preparedness in avoiding or minimizing the effect of a disaster, response support during the disaster, and recovery from the emergency. This law has several interesting and unique features relating to fire disasters. Although most disaster assistance requires a presidential declaration, fire is recognized as a special type of disaster. If fire threatens to become a disaster, assistance can be provided to prevent such a disaster. Special rules relate to these predisaster fire emergencies. Some provisions of the law have led to questions regarding its effectiveness in mitigating fire problems. The hazard mitigation provision of the law provides the opportunity to raise critical issues and funding support to address many important areas. Whether the mitigation provisions of the law are being used most effectively in meeting the continuing threat of wildfire in California and the nation as a whole needs to be studied.
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CitationPatterson, William J. 1995. Federal disaster assistance programs. In: Weise, David R.; Martin, Robert E., technical coordinators. The Biswell symposium: fire issues and solutions in urban interface and wildland ecosystems; February 15-17, 1994; Walnut Creek, California. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-158. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; p. 45-46
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