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    Author(s): Steven G. McNulty; John D. Aber
    Date: 2001
    Source: BioScience. 51(9): 720-722
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (166 KB)

    Description

    Atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases have been increasing since the beginning of the industrial revolution in 1850. Over the next century, increasing gas concentrations could cause the temperature on the surface of the Earth to rise as much as 2-3°C over historic mean annual levels.Variation in annual climate could also increase.
    The United States experienced one indication of climate change in 1988: The summer of that year was one of the hottest, driest ever recorded across the nation. Barges were stranded on the Mississippi River, and forest fires burned millions of acres in the western United States. In the eastern United States, temperatures were so high that many factory assembly lines had to be shut down.The former Soviet Union states and China also experienced severe drought, while Africa, India, and Bangladesh witnessed torrential rains and flooding.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    McNulty, Steven G.; Aber, John D. 2001. U.S. national climate change assessment on forest ecosystems: an introduction. BioScience. 51(9): 720-722

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