Skip to Main Content
Vapor-phase diethyl oxalate pretreatment of wood chips. Part 1, Energy savings and improved pulpsAuthor(s): William Kenealy; Eric Horn; Carl Houtman
Source: Holzforschung. Vol. 61 (2007): pages 223-229.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: Download Publication (194 KB)
DescriptionDiethyl oxalate (DEO) was injected into a digester containing wood chips (pine, spruce, or aspen) preheated to 130–1408C and held for 30 min at the same temperature. When mechanical pulps were produced from these pretreated chips, savings in electrical refiner energy could be achieved. For southern yellow pine (Pinus taeda), the electrical refiner energy required to produce pulps with Canadian standard freeness (CSF) of 100 ml was 38– 55% less than for an untreated control. Energy savings were also observed for aspen (Populus spp.) and spruce (Picea spp.). DEO-treated pine handsheets showed a 26% improvement in tear index compared with a control at 100 ml CSF. Under the pretreatment conditions described, DEO rapidly vaporizes, reacts with water already present in the chip, and forms an oxalic acid (OA) solution. Reported handsheet properties and energy savings for pine chips treated with a solution of OA are similar to DEO-treated handsheets. It can be concluded that the effect of DEO treatment is due to reactions catalyzed by OA.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationKenealy, William; Horn, Eric; Houtman, Carl. 2007. Vapor-phase diethyl oxalate pretreatment of wood chips. Part 1, Energy savings and improved pulps. Holzforschung. Vol. 61 (2007): pages 223-229.
KeywordsEnergy savings, ester, mechanical pulping, oxalate, oxalic acid, refining, thermomechanical pulping, vapor phase, wood-pulp industry, energy conservation, wood-pulp, paper industry, pulping, aspen, wood chips, pretreatment, digesters, diethyl oxalate, chips, Populus, southern yellow pine, spruce, Populus, southern yellow pine, spruce, pulp and paper processes
- Vapor-phase diethyl oxalate pretreatment of wood chips. Part 2, Release of hemicellulosic carbohydrates
- Pilot trials of hemicelluloses extraction prior to thermomechanical pulp production: Part 1
- Acid prehydrolysis of wood
XML: View XML