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    Author(s): C. John In: Ralph; George L. Hunt; Martin G. Raphael; John Hunt Piatt
    Date: 1995
    Source: F., Technical Editors. 1995. Ecology and conservation of the Marbled Murrelet. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-152. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; p. 255-256
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (39 KB)

    Description

    Marbled Murrelets (Brachyramphus marmoratus) vary in the frequency with which they are associated with mixed species foraging flocks of seabirds. When foraging in the exposed waters of the outer coasts, murrelets are almost invariably found in pairs or small monospecific flocks. In protected waters, they are frequently associated with other species. The reasons for these differences are unknown. An increase in the number of gulls foraging in association with murrelets could be detrimental to the murrelets if it resulted in an increased rate of kleptoparasitism.

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    Citation

    In: Ralph, C. John; Hunt, George L., Jr.; Raphael, Martin G.; Piatt, John Hunt, Jr., George L. 1995. Chapter 24: Monospecific and Mixed Species Foraging Associations of Marbled Murrelets. F., Technical Editors. 1995. Ecology and conservation of the Marbled Murrelet. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-152. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; p. 255-256

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