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    Author(s): D. Michael Fry
    Date: 1995
    Source: In: Ralph, C. John; Hunt, George L., Jr.; Raphael, Martin G.; Piatt, John F., Technical Editors. 1995. Ecology and conservation of the Marbled Murrelet. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-152. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; p. 257-260
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (93 KB)

    Description

    The principal pollutant threats to Marbled Murrelets are chlorinated organic effluent discharges from chlorine bleach pulp mills located in California, Washington, and British Columbia. The distribution of murrelets away from riverine input of agricultural chemicals reduces the threat from these pollutants. Plastic ingestion does not appear to pose a serious threat to murrelets, as it does for other species of small alcids. Significant threats from oil pollution are present because of heavy oil tanker, commercial shipping, and barge traffic along the Pacific coast. Commercial fishing threats have been significantly reduced in California, Oregon, and Washington because of regulation and banning of gill-net fisheries, but thousands of murrelets are still killed annually in Alaska.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Fry, D. Michael. 1995. Chapter 25: Pollution and Fishing Threats to Marbled Murrelets. In: Ralph, C. John; Hunt, George L., Jr.; Raphael, Martin G.; Piatt, John F., Technical Editors. 1995. Ecology and conservation of the Marbled Murrelet. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-152. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; p. 257-260

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/27907