The International Association of Wildland Fire sponsored the second Fire Behavior and Fuels conference in Destin, Florida. The conference theme was "Fire Environment--Innovations, Management, and Policy." Over 450 attendees participated in presentations on the latest innovations in wildland fire management, examples of successful and maybe not so successful management practices, current and potentially future wildland fire policy and recent advances in wildland fire science. Special sessions focused on smoke management, wildland urban interface, fire induced tree mortality, and live fuels. Integrated into this conference was the Joint Fire Science Program Annual Primary Investigator meeting where cutting edge JFSP sponsored research was presented.