Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Donald T. Gordon
    Date: 1970
    Source: Res. Pap. PSW-RP-58. Berkeley, CA: Pacific Southwest Forest & Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 32 p
    Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (2.2 MB)

    Description

    In a group of studies at Swain Mountain Experimental Forest in northeastern California, seedling survival and mortality were analyzed within the general framework of seed production and dispersal, germination, seedbed condition, soil surface temperature, insolation, soil moisture, and vegetative competition. Factors found to favor seedling establishment were abundance of sound seed, mineral soil seedbed, and probably some shade in the first year. Chief obstacles to seedling survival and growth included strong insolation, deep litter, insects, competing low vegetation, and time between good seed years. The most practical approach to securing natural regeneration appears to be keeping abundant seed trees close to a prepared mineral soil seedbed.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to psw_communications@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Gordon, Donald T. 1970. Natural regeneration of white and red fir. . . influence of several factors. Res. Pap. PSW-RP-58. Berkeley, CA: Pacific Southwest Forest & Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 32 p

    Keywords

    Abies concolor, Abies magnifica, Abies magnifica var. shastensis, natural regeneration, seedling establishment, seedbed, protective shading, seed production, seedling mortality, Swain Mountain Experimental Forest

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/28632