Skip to Main Content
An examination of constraints to wilderness visitationAuthor(s): Gary T. Green; J. Michael Bowker; Cassandra Y. Johnson; H. Ken Cordell; Xiongfei Wang
Source: Journal of Wilderness, Vol. 13(I2): 1-12
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: Download Publication (1.46 MB)
DescriptionCertain social groups appear notably less in wilderness visitation surveys than their population proportion. This study examines whether different social groups in American society (minorities, women, rural dwellers, low income and less educated populations) perceive more constraints to wilderness visitation than other groups. Logistic regressions were fit to data from the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment and used to model the probability that individuals perceive certain constraints to wilderness visitation. Seventeen structural, personal, and psychological constraints related to health, facilities, socioeconomic standing, and other personal factors were examined. Modeled probabilities were explained by age, race, gender, income, education, place of birth, and rural and regional residence. Results revealed minorities, women, lower levels of income and education, and elderly populations were more likely to perceive they were significantly constrained from visiting wilderness. However, immigrants perceived fewer constraints to wilderness visitation than was expected.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationGreen, Gary T.; Bowker, J. Michael; Johnson, Cassandra Y.; Cordell, H. Ken; Wang, Xiongfei. 2007. An examination of constraints to wilderness visitation. Journal of Wilderness, Vol. 13(I2): 1-12
- An Examination of Perceived Constraints to Outdoor Recreation
- Outdoor Recreation Constraints: An Examination of Race, Gender, and Rural Dwelling
- A National Study of Constraints to Participation in Outdoor Recreational Activities
XML: View XML