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Xylem monoterpenes of some hard pines of Western North America: three studiesAuthor(s): Richard H. Smith
Source: Res. Paper PSW-RP-160. Berkeley, CA: Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 7 p
Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
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DescriptionMonoterpene composition was studied in a number of hard pine species and results were compared with earlier work. (1) Intratree measurements showed strong constancy of composition in both single-stemmed and forked trees of ponderosa, Jeffrey, Coulter, and Jeffrey x ponderosa pines. In grafts of these and other pines, the scion influenced the root stock, but not the reverse. (2) Large intertree variation in composition was found in a small sample of seven hard pines native to Mexico; the value of monoterpenes in clarifying taxonomy of these pines remains uncertain. (3) An 80-tree plot of ponderosa is adequate to determine average monoterpene composition. For the best estimate of the kinds and abundance of types of composition, a 350-tree plot is needed. Short-column chromatographic analysis is acceptably accurate for rapid classification of a large number of samples.
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CitationSmith, Richard H. 1982. Xylem monoterpenes of some hard pines of Western North America: three studies. Res. Pap. PSW-RP-160. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 7 p.
Keywordsxylem monoterpenes, Pinus ponderosa, P. coulteri, P. jeffreyi, P. torreyana, P. sabiniana, P. montezumae, P. hartwegii, P. rudis, P. pseudostrobus, P. durangensis, P. cooperi, P. engelmannii
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