Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Seif Madoffe; Gerard D. Hertel; Paul Rodgers [Rogers]; Barbra [Barbara] O'Connel; Raymond Killenga
    Date: 2006
    Source: African Journal of Ecology. 44: 171-177.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (205 B)


    The eastern arc mountains (EAMs) are a chain of isolated mountains (534,000 ha) in Kenya and Tanzania surrounded by arid woodlands and influenced by the Indian Ocean. In 1900 there was three times the amount of forest cover there is today. Much of the original forests have been converted into agricultural crops. These mountains are recognized as a globally important 'hot spot' by World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and World Conservation of Union (IUCN) for forest biodiversity and are major national, regional and local sources of hydropower, water and wide array of forest-based benefits and agricultural production. In February 2000 we began a 3-year evaluation of forest health, land-use change and information sharing in the EAMs. Permanent sample plots were used to evaluate forest health. This paper summarizes the baseline data from eighteen permanent sample plots in the east Usambara's and nine in Ulugurus. The eastern arc web site ( was established, continues to expand and contains some detailed information on the project. Information gathered will assist land managers, planners, policy makers, interested communities (villages) and individuals in decision-making. These data can also provide an early warning system of stresses on forest catchments.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Madoffe, Seif; Hertel, Gerard D.; Rodgers [Rogers], Paul; O''Connel, Barbra [Barbara]; Killenga, Raymond. 2006. Monitoring the health of selected eastern arc forests in Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology. 44: 171-177.


    eastern arc forests, forest health monitoring

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page