Skip to Main Content
Landscape ecology in North America: past, present, and futureAuthor(s): Monica G. Turner
Source: Ecology, Vol. 86(8): 1967-1974
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: Download Publication (1.46 MB)
DescriptionLandscape ecology offers a spatially explicit perspective on the relationships between ecological patterns and processes that can be applied across a range of scales. Concepts derived from landscape ecology now permeate ecological research across most levels of ecological organization and many scales. Landscape ecology developed rapidly after ideas that originated in Europe were introduced to scientists in North America. Key research questions put forth in the early 1980s that catalyzed landscape-level research focused on the formative processes that produce spatial pattern; effects of spatial heterogeneity on the spread of disturbance and fluxes of organisms, material, and energy; and potential applications of landscape ecology in natural resource management. This article describes the development of landscape ecology in North America, discusses current questions and new insights that have emerged, and comments on future directions that are likely to produce new ecological insights. Ecology faces a broad array of challenging questions that require a plurality of approaches and creative insights. Landscape ecology should continue to push the limits of understanding of the reciprocal interactions between spatial patterns and ecological processes and seek opportunities to test the generality of its concepts across systems and scales.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationTurner, Monica G. 2005. Landscape ecology in North America: past, present, and future. Ecology, Vol. 86(8): 1967-1974
Keywordslandscape context, landscape ecology, scale, spatial heterogeneity, spatial pattern
- Landscape ecology: what is the state of science?
- Quantifying Landscape Spatial Pattern: What Is the State of the Art?
- Perception of scale in forest management planning: Challenges and implications
XML: View XML