Skip to Main Content
Sensitivity of whitewater rafting consumers surplus to pecuniary travel cost specificationsAuthor(s): Donald B.K. English; J. Michael Bowker
Source: Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 47: 79-91
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
PDF: Download Publication (87.3 KB)
DescriptionConsiderable research has examined how different ways of accounting for onsite and travel time affect surplus estimates from travel cost models. However, little has been done regarding different definitions of out-of-pocket costs. Estimates of per trip consumer surplus are developed for a zonal travel cost model for outfitted rafting on the Chattooga River. Nine price definitions are used for each of three functional forms. Three price definitions are based on mileage rates times round-trip distance, plus outfitter fees. The remaining six definitions are based on reported spending, using three different sets of expenditures and two methods of imputing prices for zero-visit zones.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationEnglish, Donald B.K.; Bowker, J. Michael. 1996. Sensitivity of whitewater rafting consumers surplus to pecuniary travel cost specifications. Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 47: 79-91
Keywordstravel cost, river recreation, consumer surplus, zonal model, price definition
- Toward a Value for Guided Rafting on Southern Rivers
- Accounting for ethnicity in recreation demand: a flexible count data approach
- A Contingent Trip Model for Estimating Rail-trail Demand
XML: View XML