Skip to Main Content
Due to a lapse in federal funding, this USDA website will not be actively updated. Once funding has been reestablished, online operations will continue.
The role of old-growth forests in frequent-fire landscapesAuthor(s): Daniel Binkley; Tom Sisk; Carol Chambers; Judy Springer; William Block
Source: Ecology and Society. 12(2). Online: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss2/art18/
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
PDF: View PDF (377.84 KB)
DescriptionClassic ecological concepts and forestry language regarding old growth are not well suited to frequent-fire landscapes. In frequent-fire, old-growth landscapes, there is a symbiotic relationship between the trees, the understory graminoids, and fire that results in a healthy ecosystem. Patches of old growth interspersed with younger growth and open, grassy areas provide a wide variety of habitats for animals, and have a higher level of biodiversity. Fire suppression is detrimental to these forests, and eventually destroys all old growth. The reintroduction of fire into degraded frequent-fire, old-growth forests, accompanied by appropriate thinning, can restore a balance to these ecosystems. Several areas require further research and study: 1) the ability of the understory to respond to restoration treatments, 2) the rate of ecosystem recovery following wildfires whose level of severity is beyond the historic or natural range of variation, 3) the effects of climate change, and 4) the role of the microbial community. In addition, it is important to recognize that much of our knowledge about these old-growth systems comes from a few frequent-fire forest types.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationBinkley, Daniel; Sisk, Tom; Chambers, Carol; Springer, Judy; Block, William. 2007. The role of old-growth forests in frequent-fire landscapes. Ecology and Society. 12(2). Online: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss2/art18/
Keywordsecological processes, evolutionary adaptations, historic range of variation (HRV), human values, knowledge gaps, resilience, understory vegetation
- Humans, topography, and wildland fire: The ingredients for long-term patterns in ecosystems
- Fire regimes of remnant pitch pine communities in the Ridge and Valley Region of central Pennsylvania, USA. Forests
- The importance of humans in the dispersal and spread of Phytophthora ramorum at local, landscape, and regional scales
XML: View XML