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    Author(s): Paul G. Scowcroft; Kenneth T. Adee
    Date: 1991
    Source: Res. Paper PSW-205. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station. 7 p
    Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (573.0 KB)


    Banana poka vines (Possifloro mollisrimo) and kikuyu pass (Pennirerurn clondestinum) can limit koa(Acacia koa) reforestation in Hawaii. Performance of planted koa seedlings was studied in relation to type of site preparation: broadcast spraying of Roundup herbicide at three rates (2.02, 4.05, and 6.07 kg active ingredient per hectare) and hand scalping vegetation from each planting spot. One year after planting, survival and growth of koa seedlings were significantly greater in plots sprayed with a heavy dose of Roundup than in control plots. Ten year survival and height were significantly greater for the heavy dose treatment than for the scalp treatment, but none of the trees in the control treatment were alive. Site preparation must control competing vegetation over the entire planting area, to give koa a competitive edge during establishment.

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    Scowcroft, Paul G.; Adee, Kenneth T. 1991. Site preparation affects survival, growth of koa on degraded montane forest land. Res. Paper PSW-RP-205. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station. 7 p


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    Acacia koa, Passiflora mollissima, Pennisetum clandestinum, competition, Hawaii, reforestation

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