Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Miles A. Hemstrom; James Merzenich; Allison Reger; Barbara Wales
    Date: 2007
    Source: Landscape and Urban Planning. 80: 198-211
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: Download Publication  (2.93 MB)


    We modeled the integrated effects of natural disturbances and management activities for three disturbance scenarios on a 178 000-ha landscape in the upper Grande Ronde subbasin of northeast Oregon. The landscape included three forest environments (warm-dry, cool-moist, and cold) as well as a mixture of publicly and privately owned lands. Our models were state and transition formulations that treat vegetation change as probabilistic transitions among structure and cover types. We simulated background natural disturbance (i.e., historical), active fuel treatment, and fire-suppression-only disturbance scenarios for 200 or 500 years, depending on scenario. Several interesting landscape hypotheses emerge from our scenario simulations: (1) changes in management approach in landscapes the size of our study area may take decades to play out owing to the time required to grow large trees and the feedback loops among disturbances, (2) the current landscape is considerably different from that which might exist under a natural disturbance regime, (3) fire suppression alone does not mimic background natural disturbances and does not produce abundant large-tree structure, and (4) dense, multilayered large-tree forests may be particularly difficult to maintain in abundance in this and similar landscapes owing to wildfire and insect disturbances.

    Publication Notes

    • Visit PNW's Publication Request Page to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Hemstrom, Miles A.; Merzenich, James; Reger, Allison; Wales, Barbara. 2007. Integrated analysis of landscape management scenarios using state and transition models in the upper Grande Ronde River subbasin, Oregon, USA. Landscape and Urban Planning. 80: 198-211


    Landscape models, landscape ecology, historical range of variability, forest subculture, forest disturbance, Pacific Northwest, Interior Northwest Landscape Analysis System

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page