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    Author(s): Jeffrey F. Kelly; Deborah M. Finch
    Date: 2000
    Source: The Condor. 102(3): 699-702.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: Download Publication  (65 B)


    Age classes of migrant songbirds often differ in migration timing. This difference creates the potential for age-ratios recorded at stopover sites to vary with the amount and distribution of sampling effort used. To test for these biases, we sub-sampled migrant capture data from the Middle Rio Grande Valley of New Mexico. We created data sets that reflected the age ratios of migrants that would have been captured with stratified and concentrated designs at four levels of mist-netting effort. Analysis of these data indicate that age-ratios of Neotropical migrants varied significantly with sampling design, but not with sampling effort. More after-hatch-year Neotropical migrants were captured with stratified than with concentrated sampling designs. Age-ratio of temperate migrants did not vary with either amount of sampling effort or sampling design. Sampling design is an important consideration in the interpretation of age ratios among stopover sites, and standardization of sampling among sites could improve our understanding of differential migration of age classes.

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    Kelly, Jeffrey F.; Finch, Deborah M. 2000. Effects of sampling design on age ratios of migrants captured at stopover sites. The Condor. 102(3): 699-702.


    age-ratio, Neotropical migrant, sampling design, stopover biology, temperate migrant

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