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    Author(s): Michael A. Castellano; Jane E. Smith; Thom O'Dell; Efrén Cázares; Susan Nugent
    Date: 1999
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-476. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 195 p
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (5.92 MB)


    There are 234 fungal species listed in the record of decision (ROD) for amendments to Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management planning documents within the range of the northern spotted owl. There are four strategies to established guidelines for the survey and management of various organisms, including amphibians, mammals, bryophytes, mollusks, vascular plants, lichens, arthropods, and fungi. Strategy 1 (S1) entailed compiling all known distribution and ecological information on 147 fungus species. Other strategies convey protection or encourage the collecting of additional geographic and habitat information.

    Upon further taxonomic examination of the S1 fungal species, it was determined that only 135 separate species existed, with the others reduced to synomomy. Most of these S1 fungal species are poorly known and uncommon to rare. A few S1 fungal species were revealed to be much more common than previously thought. This handbook was designed to facilitate understanding of the life history of all S1 and protection buffer species and to aid in their discovery and identification. Each species is represented by a condensed description, a set of distinguishing features, and information on substrate, habitat, and seasonality. We also present a list of known sites within the range of the northern spotted owl, a distribution map and additional references to introduce the available literature on a particular species. A set of artificial taxonomic keys is presented to aid the worker in identification. A partially illustrated glossary helps introduce the novice to mycological terms.

    Publication Notes

    • Visit PNW's Publication Request Page to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Castellano, Michael A.; Smith, Jane E.; O''Dell, Thom; Cázares, Efrén; Nugent, Susan. 1999. Handbook to strategy 1 fungal taxa from the Northwest Forest Plan. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-476. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 195 p


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    Mycology, mushrooms, sequestrate fungi, truffles, biodiversity, monitoring, rare fungi, forest ecology

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