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Tree species diversity and distribution patterns in tropical forests of Garo Hills.Author(s): A. Kumar; B.G. Marcot; A. Saxena
Source: Current Science. 91(10): 1370-1381
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
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DescriptionWe analyzed phytosociological characteristics and diversity patterns of tree species of tropical forests of Garo Hills, western Meghalaya, northeast India. The main vegetation of the region included primary forests, secondary forests, and sal (Shorea robusta) plantations, with 162, 132, and 87 tree species, respectively. The Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H1) of trees within 21 1-ha belt-transects in primary forest was 4.27, which is comparable to the world's richest tropical forests. Statistical results revealed that primary forests were more tree-rich and diverse than were secondary forests or sal plantations. Results of the study will help forest managers in conservation planning of the tropical forest ecosystem of northeast India.
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CitationKumar, A.; Marcot, B.G.; Saxena, A. 2006. Tree species diversity and distribution patterns in tropical forests of Garo Hills. Current Science. 91(10): 1370-1381
KeywordsIndia, tropical forest, tropical trees, forest diversity
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