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Monitoring and evaluating citizen-agency interactions: a framework developed for adaptive management.Author(s): Bruce Shindler; Kristin Aldred Cheek; George H. Stankey
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-452. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 38 p
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
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DescriptionAs the Forest Service and the Bureau of Land Management turn toward ecosystem and adaptive models of forest stewardship, they are being called on to develop meaningful and lasting relations with citizens. These new management styles require not only improved strategies for public involvement but also methods to examine the interactions between citizens and agencies in order to learn from such experiences. Using the general principles of adaptive management—which stress monitoring, evaluation, and adjustment—this report provides a comprehensive framework to help agency personnel and citizens to work together. This report describes the adaptive management concept, summarizes research about the goals and characteristics of successful public involvement, and lays out a framework for monitoring and evaluating citizen-agency interactions. Although designed for adaptive management settings, the framework is well suited to other situations where improving these interactions is a priority.
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CitationShindler, Bruce; Cheek, Kristin Aldred; Stankey, George H. 1999. Monitoring and evaluating citizen-agency interactions: a framework developed for adaptive management. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-452. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 38 p
KeywordsAdaptive management, public involvement, monitoring, evaluation
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