Skip to Main Content
Monitoring biodiversity: quantification and interpretation.Author(s): William L. Gaines; Richy J. Harrod; John F. Lehmkuhl
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-443. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 27 p
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
View PDF (174 KB)
DescriptionMonitoring is necessary for an adaptive management approach and the successful implementation of ecosystem management. In this document, we present an approach to monitoring biological diversity at different levels of ecological organization: landscape, community or ecosystem, population or species, and genetic. Our approach involves identifying monitoring questions derived from regional, provincial, or watershed assessments; identifying monitoring methods; and analyzing and interpreting data to integrate into management strategies. Examples of monitoring methods, data analysis, and interpretation are provided for each level of ecological organization, beginning with the most inclusive level, the landscape. Our objective is to provide land managers with an approach and examples to develop biodiversity monitoring strategies.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationGaines, William L.; Harrod, Richy J.; Lehmkuhl, John F. 1999.. Monitoring biodiversity: quantification and interpretation. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-443. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 27 p
KeywordsBiodiversity, monitoring, genetic diversity, landscape diversity, species diversity, ecosystem diversity
- Achievable future conditions as a framework for guiding forest conservation and management
- An effectiveness monitoring program for the northwest forest plan: new approaches to common monitoring problems
- Ecosystem services as a framework for forest stewardship: Deschutes National Forest overview
XML: View XML