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Habitat Distribution of Birds Wintering in Central Andros, The Bahamas: Implications for ManagementAuthor(s): DAVE CURRIE; JOSEPH M. WUNDERLE JR.; DAVID N. EWERT; MATTHEW R. ANDERSON; ANCILLENO DAVIS; JASMINE TURNER
Source: Caribbean Journal of Science, Vol. 41, No. 1, 75-87,
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
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DescriptionWe studied winter avian distribution in three representative pine-dominated habitats and three broadleaf habitats in an area recently designated as a National Park on Andros Island, The Bahamas, 1-23 February 2002. During 180 five-minute point counts, 1731 individuals were detected (1427 permanent residents and 304 winter residents) representing 51 species (29 permanent and 22 winter residents). Wood warblers (Family Parulidae) comprised the majority (81%) of winter residents. Total number of species and individuals (both winter and permanent residents) were generally highest in moderately disturbed pinedominated habitats. The composition of winter bird communities differed between pine and broadleaf habitats; the extent of these differences was dependent broadleaf on composition and age in the pine understory. Fifteen bird species (nine permanent residents and six winter residents) exhibited significant habitat preferences. There was no significant difference in the degree of habitat specialization between permanent and winter residents. Most species occurred across a range of habitats; only three species were found in one habitat type. Intra-specific variation in detection of permanent and winter residents is discussed in relation to diet, habitat structure, and disturbance regime. Avian distribution in pine forest is also discussed in relation to fire frequency.
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CitationCURRIE,DAVE; WUNDERLE JR., JOSEPH M.; EWERT,DAVID N.; ANDERSON, MATTHEW R.; DAVIS, ANCILLENO; TURNER,JASMINE. 2005. Habitat Distribution of Birds Wintering in Central Andros, The Bahamas: Implications for Management. Caribbean Journal of Science, Vol. 41, No. 1, 75-87,
KeywordsAvian habitat use, Dendroica kirtlandii, fire ecology, fire management, Geothlypis rostrata, Nearctic, Neotropical migrant birds, pine forest, Saurothera merlini.
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