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Mandibular gland chemistry of four Caribbean species of Camponotus (Hymenoptera:Formicidae)Author(s): Juan A. Torres; Roy R. Snelling; Murray S. Blum; Rusell C. Flournoy; Tappey H. Jones
Source: Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 29 :673–680
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
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DescriptionThe volatile components of whole-body extracts of males, females and workers were analyzed in four species of Neotropical ants in the formicine genus, Camponotus. The species, C. kaura, C. sexguttatus, C. ramulorum and C. planatus, represent three different subgenera. Volatile mandibular gland components were found only in male extracts in three of the species. In C. ramulorum, volatile components were found in male and female reproductives and workers. 3,4-Dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methylpyran-4-one and octanic acid were found in different sets of three of the species. Methyl 6-methyl salicylate was found in two species and the isocoumarin, mellein, was found in a third species. The significance of the mandibular gland secretion for formicid systematics is discussed.
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CitationTorres, Juan A.; Snelling, Roy R.; Blum, Murray S.; Flournoy, Rusell C.; Jones, Tappey H.; Duffield Richard M. 2001. Mandibular gland chemistry of four Caribbean species of Camponotus (Hymenoptera:Formicidae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 29 :673–680
KeywordsMandibulargland, Formicidae, Camponotus species, Carpenter ant, Ant
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