Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): James Grogana; Mark S. Ashtona; Galvã Jurandir oc
    Date: 2003
    Source: Forest Ecology and Management 186 :311–326
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (226 B)

    Description

    Adult populations of big-leaf mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) occur in aggregations along seasonal streams in transitional evergreen forests of southeast Pará, Brazil. To test whether variable seedling survival and growth across topography may underlie this observed distribution pattern, we planted nursery-grown seedlings in the forest understory and in artificial gaps at opposite ends of a slope gradient where mahogany occurs (low-ground hydromorphic soils) and does not occur (high-ground dystrophic soils). At both positions seedling survival and growth were significantly greater through 42 months in gaps than in adjacent forest understories, thoughmean understory survival exceeded that in gaps through the first growing season.Mean seedling growth in gaps on low ground was significantly greater than growth in gaps on high ground. Under nursery conditions (well watered, 70% full sun light), growth of seedlings planted in soils fromlowground was significantly higher than that of seedlings planted in soils from high ground, indicating that differences in soil nutrient status, particularly Ca and Mg, may account for results in the outplanting experiment. Ca + Mg nutrient supplement accelerated growth rates of nursery seedlings planted in high-ground soils relative to growth rates of seedlings planted in low-ground soils, nullifying significant differences between controls. Soil differentiation across topographic reliefwith consequent gradients in soil nutrient statuscomplements canopy disturbance regimes (increased light levels) in shaping adult distribution patterns and population structures. This implies that recruitment success under natural and artificial regeneration management practices may vary as a function of both gap size and soil fertility.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Grogana, James; Ashtona, Mark S.; Galvãoc, Jurandir. 2003. Big-leaf mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) seedling survival and growth across a topographic gradient in southeast Pará, Brazil. Forest Ecology and Management 186 :311–326

    Keywords

    Amazon, Ca, Canopy openings, Disturbance, Forest management, Light, Mg, Regeneration, Soil nutrients

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/30166