AzadirachJa indica A. Juss., commonly known as neem in English and Hindi and margosa and paraiso de India in Spanish, is a medium-sized to large tree characterized by its short, straight bole, furrowed, dark-brown to gray bark. and dense, rounded crown of pinnate leaves. Native to south Asia, neem is widely planted and naturalized in semiarid areas throughout Asia and Africa. It has been introduced to several Caribbean islands where it is grown principally for shade, fuelwood, and numerous nonwood products obtained from the leaves, fruits, and bark. These include medicinal and insecticidal agents. Except in frost-prone and dry regions, neem is evergreen.
Parrotta, J. A. and Chaturvedi, A. N. 1994. Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Neem, margosa. Meliaceae. Mahogany family. USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry;. 8 p.