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Above- and below-ground biomass accumulation, production, and distribution of sweetgum and loblolly pine grown with irrigation and fertilizationAuthor(s): David R. Coyle; Mark D. Coleman; Doug P. Aubrey
Source: Can. J. For. Res., Vol. 38: 1335-1348
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
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DescriptionIncreased forest productivity has been obtained by improving resource availability through water and nutrient amendments. However, more stress- tolerant species that have robust site requirements do not respond consistently to irrigation. An important factor contributing to robust site requirements may be the distribution of biomass belowground, yet available information is limited. We examined the accumulation and distribution of above- and below-ground biomass in sweetgum (Liquidambar sturacoflia L.) and loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) stands receiving irrigation and fertilization. Mean annual aboveground production after 4 years ranged from 2.4 to 5.1 ~g.ha-1.year-1 for sweetgum and from 5.0 to 6.9 ~g.ha-1.year-1 for pine. Sweetgum responded positively to irrigation and fertilization with an additive response to irrigation + fertilization. Pine only responded to fertilization. Sweetgum root mass fraction (RME)in creased with fertilization at 2 years and decreased with fertilization at 4 years. There were no detectable treatment differences in loblolly pine RMF. Development explained from 67% to 98% of variation in shoot versus root allometry for ephemeral and perennial tissues, fertilization explained no more than 5% of the variation in for either species, and irrigation did not explain any. We conclude that shifts in allocation from roots to shoots do not explain nutrient-induced growth stimulations.
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CitationCoyle, David R.; Coleman, Mark D.; Aubrey, Doug P. 2008. Above- and below-ground biomass accumulation, production, and distribution of sweetgum and loblolly pine grown with irrigation and fertilization. Can. J. For. Res., Vol. 38: 1335-1348
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