Skip to Main Content
Living artifacts: The ancient ponderosa pines of the WestAuthor(s): Stephen F. Arno; Lars Östlund; Robert E. Keane
Source: Montana: The Magazine of Western History. Spring 2008: 55-67.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: View PDF (2.4 MB)
DescriptionUntil late in the nineteenth century, magnificent ponderosa pine forests blanketed much of the inland West. They covered perhaps 30 million acres, an area the size of New York state, spreading across the mountains of New Mexico, Arizona, and California and flourishing throughout the eastern Cascades, the intermountain Pacific Northwest, and the Rocky Mountains northward as far as British Columbia.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationArno, Stephen F.; Östlund, Lars; Keane, Robert E. 2008. Living artifacts: The ancient ponderosa pines of the West. Montana: The Magazine of Western History. Spring 2008: 55-67.
Keywordsponderosa pines, history, logging, fire suppression, old-growth
- Predictions of fire behavior and resistance to control: for use with photo series for the ponderosa pine type, ponderosa pine and associated species type, and lodgepole pine type.
- Crossability and relationships of Washoe pine
- Estimating the avoided fuel-reatment costs of wildfire
XML: View XML