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    Until late in the nineteenth century, magnificent ponderosa pine forests blanketed much of the inland West. They covered perhaps 30 million acres, an area the size of New York state, spreading across the mountains of New Mexico, Arizona, and California and flourishing throughout the eastern Cascades, the intermountain Pacific Northwest, and the Rocky Mountains northward as far as British Columbia.

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    Arno, Stephen F.; Östlund, Lars; Keane, Robert E. 2008. Living artifacts: The ancient ponderosa pines of the West. Montana: The Magazine of Western History. Spring 2008: 55-67.


    ponderosa pines, history, logging, fire suppression, old-growth

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