Skip to Main Content
Evidence for cleavage of lignin by a brown rot basidiomyceteAuthor(s): Daniel J. Yelle; John Ralph; Fachuang Lu; Kenneth E. Hammel
Source: Environmental microbiology. Vol. 10, no. 7 (2008): Pages 1844-1849
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: Download Publication (532 KB)
DescriptionBiodegradation by brown-rot fungi is quantitatively one of the most important fates of lignocellulose in nature. It has long been thought that these basidiomycetes do not degrade lignin significantly, and that their activities on this abundant aromatic biopolymer are limited to minor oxidative modifications. Here we have applied a new technique for the complete solubilization of lignocellulose to show, by one-bond 1H-13C correlation nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, that brown rot of spruce wood by Gloeophyllum trabeum resulted in a marked, non-selective depletion of all intermonomer side-chain linkages in the lignin. The resulting polymer retained most of its original aromatic residues and was probably interconnected by new linkages that lack hydrogens and are consequently invisible in one-bond 1H-13C correlation spectra. Additional work is needed to characterize these linkages, but it is already clear that the aromatic polymer remaining after extensive brown rot is no longer recognizable as lignin.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationYelle, Daniel J.; Ralph, John; Lu, Fachuang; Hammel, Kenneth E. 2008. Evidence for cleavage of lignin by a brown rot basidiomycete. Environmental Microbiology. 10(7): 1844-1849.
KeywordsBiopolymers, lignocellulose, brown rot, fungi, industrial applications, wood-decaying fungi, biotechnology, biodegradation, deterioration, Basidiomycetes, spruce, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, lignin, cleavage, decay fungi, decay, Gloeophyllum trabeum
- Multidimensional NMR analysis reveals truncated lignin structures in wood decayed by the brown rot basidiomycete Postia placenta
- Genome sequence of the lignocellulose degrading fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium strain RP78
- Fungal biodegradation of lignocelluloses
XML: View XML