Skip to Main Content
Seasonal migration and home ranges of female elk in the Black Hills of South Dakota and WyomingAuthor(s): Lakhdar Benkobi; Mark A . Rumble; Cynthia H. Stubblefield; R. Scott Gamo; Joshua J. Millspaugh
Source: The Prairie Naturalist. 37(3): 151-166.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (242.03 KB)
DescriptionUnderstanding the movement and dispersion patterns of elk (Cervus elaphus) on public lands and the underlying factors that affect each will facilitate elk management and help resolve conflicts between management that benefit elk and other uses of land resources. Consequently, there is a need to identify and examine the movement and dispersion patterns of elk in the Black Hills of South Dakota and Wyoming. Our study quantified seasonal movements, determined home ranges of female elk in two areas of the Black Hills, and examined underlying factors associated with each. Elk in the northern area did not demonstrate seasonal migration patterns. Rather, winter ranges in the northern area were contained mostly within the boundaries of the summer range. Elk in the southern area exhibited a north-south migration pattern that coincided with seasonal patterns of snowfall. These elk migrated to winter range in late November and returned to summer range in late April. Home ranges of elk in the southern area were larger (P < 0.01) than home ranges in the northern area. Landscape characteristics with marginally-significant correlations to elk home range area included road density (P = 0.10), and forage:cover ratio (P = 0.08); density of primary and secondary roads and average slope were significantly correlated with elk home range area (P < 0.01). Managers can use this information to develop strategies that meet population goals and reduce conflicts between management for elk and with other resources.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationBenkobi, Lakhdar; Rumble, Mark A .; Stubblefield, Cynthia H.; Gamo, R. Scott; Millspaugh, Joshua J. 2005. Seasonal migration and home ranges of female elk in the Black Hills of South Dakota and Wyoming. The Prairie Naturalist. 37(3): 151-166.
KeywordsBlack Hills, Cervus elaphus, elk, migration, seasonal ranges, South Dakota, Wyoming
- Elk responses to humans in a densely roaded area
- Landscape scale attributes of elk centers of activity in the central Black Hills of South Dakota
- Macrohabitat associations of Merriam's turkeys in the Black Hills, South Dakota
XML: View XML