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    Author(s): John D. Bailey
    Date: 2008
    Source: In: Olberding, Susan D.; Moore, Margaret M., tech coords. Fort Valley Experimental Forest - A Century of Research 1908-2008. Conference Proceedings; August 7-9, 2008; Flagstaff, AZ. Proceedings RMRS-P-53CD. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 128-135
    Publication Series: Proceedings (P)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (643.99 KB)

    Description

    The Taylor Woods "Levels-of-Growing-Stock" study was established in 1962 to create a replicated ponderosa pine density experiment for the Southwest, making a valuable addition to research in the Fort Valley Experimental Forest. Basal area treatments ranged from 5-20 m2/ha (19-80 ft2/ac) when installed, designed as growing stock levels 30/40, 60, 80, 100, 120 and 150. Residual trees averaged only 12 cm DBH despite being 42 years old. These 0.3- to 0.5-ha (0.75- to 1.24-ac) plots, with three of each growing stock level, were revisited for maintenance on a decadal basis including a recent entry in 2002/3 (the fifth). Once trees averaged 25 cm (10 in), which varied among treatments, plots were maintained at their target basal area per the intent of growing stock studies; all plots were at or above that point in 2002 with the largest trees >50 cm (20 in). Results have shown clear and predictable patterns for height and diameter growth for southwestern ponderosa pine, not different than other parts of the species' range or other species. Lower density plots have shown consistently larger diameters and faster diameter and height growth on an individual tree basis. Stand-level basal area growth is higher at higher densities based on the higher number of trees per plot (and per ha). The density at which stands can achieve maximum basal area growth has varied progressively over the four decades. But beyond such traditional interpretations of density effects on tree and stand growth, the long-term patterns shown at Taylor Woods now provides valuable insights into tree vigor and insect resistance, understory development, fire behavior, ecological restoration and potential implications of regional land management choices in light of climate change.

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    Citation

    Bailey, John D. 2008. Forty years later at Taylor Woods: Merging the old and new. In: Olberding, Susan D.; Moore, Margaret M., tech coords. Fort Valley Experimental Forest - A Century of Research 1908-2008. Conference Proceedings; August 7-9, 2008; Flagstaff, AZ. Proceedings RMRS-P-53CD. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 128-135

    Keywords

    long-term research, ponderosa pine, range research, silviculture, cultural resources, Fort Valley Experimental Forest, Long Valley Experimental Forest, http://www.rmrs.nau.edu/fortvalley/

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