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    Author(s): Kees Bastmeijer
    Date: 2007
    Source: In: Watson, Alan; Sproull, Janet; Dean, Liese, comps. Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values: Eighth World Wilderness Congress symposium; September 30-October 6, 2005; Anchorage, AK. Proceedings RMRS-P-49. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 190-195
    Publication Series: Proceedings (P)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (265 B)

    Description

    Antarctica is often described as one of the world’s last wildernesses. Since 1990, tourism to this wilderness is developing rapidly. In a period of 15 years, the number of tourists that make landings in Antarctica has increased from 2,500 (1990/91) to more than 23,000 (2004/05). The diversity of tourist activities is also increasing. The 1991 Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty explicitly provides Antarctica’s “wilderness values” legal status, but do wilderness values indeed play a role in the current international debate on Antarctic tourism management? This contribution focuses on one of the main elements of this debate: the question whether the establishment of new (semi) permanent facilities for tourism in Antarctica should be prohibited. After analyzing this debate and the issue of wilderness protection in Antarctic management more broadly, the author concludes that this question shows a parallel with the Antarctic mining debate in the 1980s and that the issue touches upon a more fundamental policy question: should Antarctica be preserved as a ‘wilderness’ with as limited evidence of human presence as possible or should Antarctica be managed as an ‘international park’ in which various values and functions are balanced, for instance through a spatial planning system?

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    Citation

    Bastmeijer, Kees. 2007. Special offer-7 days fly and drive Antarctica: The role of wilderness protection in deciding whether (semi) permanent tourist facilities in Antarctica should be prohibited. In: Watson, Alan; Sproull, Janet; Dean, Liese, comps. Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values: Eighth World Wilderness Congress symposium; September 30-October 6, 2005; Anchorage, AK. Proceedings RMRS-P-49. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 190-195

    Keywords

    wilderness, biodiversity, protected areas, economics, subsistence, tourism, traditional knowledge, community involvement, policy, stewardship, education, spiritual values

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/31027