Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Baron Horiuchi; Jack Jeffrey
    Date: 2002
    Source: In: Dumroese, R. K.; Riley, L. E.; Landis, T. D., technical coordinators. National proceedings: forest and conservation nursery associations-1999, 2000, and 2001. Proceedings RMRS-P-24. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 233
    Publication Series: Proceedings (P)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (100 B)

    Description

    Hakalau Forest NWR was established in 1985 under the authority of the Endangered Species Act to preserve and protect five species of endangered forest birds and their rain forest habitat. While most of the 32,730 acre refuge is closed canopy forest, over one hundred years of cattle grazing, logging and burning have convened about 5,000 acres (2,023 ha) of upper elevation forest into open woodland and pasture dominated by introduced grasses. Other portions of the refuge encompass relatively intact native forest including some of the last montane, mesic koa-'hi'a (Acacia koa-Metrosideros polymorpha) forests in the world. These areas contain some of the highest densities of native forest birds in the State of Hawai'i as well as 29 rare and endangered plant species and the endangered Hawaiian Hoary Bat.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to rmrspubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Horiuchi, Baron; Jeffrey, Jack. 2002. Native plant propagation and habitat restoration at Hakalau Forest National Wildlie Refuge, Hawaii. In: Dumroese, R. K.; Riley, L. E.; Landis, T. D., technical coordinators. National proceedings: forest and conservation nursery associations-1999, 2000, and 2001. Proceedings RMRS-P-24. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 233

    Keywords

    bareroot nursery, container nursery, nursery practices, fertilization, pesticides, seeds, reforestation, plant propagation, native plants, tree physiology

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/31396