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    Author(s): Eduardo Santana C.
    Date: 2005
    Source: In: Ralph, C. John; Rich, Terrell D., editors 2005. Bird Conservation Implementation and Integration in the Americas: Proceedings of the Third International Partners in Flight Conference. 2002 March 20-24; Asilomar, California, Volume 1 Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-191. Albany, CA: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: p. 15-25
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (179 KB)

    Description

    With over 1,060 species of birds, México is among the most important countries for the conservation of birds in the world. Within the American continent it harbors the highest wintering diversity and abundance of Nearctic-Neotropical migratory land birds that breed in Canada and the U.S., as well as an exceptionally high number of endemic species (Hutto 1986 1992; Escalante et al. 1993, Howell and Webb 1995, Stotz et al. 1996, Hernandez-Banos et al. 1995). México suffers a rapid rate of environmental degradation that consists of problems such as of the loss of forests and wetlands, desertification and soil erosion, invasive species in islands and freshwater systems, overharvesting of wildlife by hunting or capturing animals for the pet trade, and environmental pollution (Simeon 1995, Challenger 1998). These problems contribute to the endangerment of bird populations. About 180 species are considered endangered, threatened or fragile, and some 20 additional species or endemic subspecies are considered extinct or extirpated from the country (Arizmendi and Valdermar 2000, Cevallos and Marquez 2000, DGVS 2003).

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    Citation

    Santana C., Eduardo. 2005. A context for bird conservation in México: challenges and opportunities. In: Ralph, C. John; Rich, Terrell D., editors 2005. Bird Conservation Implementation and Integration in the Americas: Proceedings of the Third International Partners in Flight Conference. 2002 March 20-24; Asilomar, California, Volume 1 Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-191. Albany, CA: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: p. 15-25

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