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    Author(s): Roy Churchwell; Geoffrey R. Geupel; William J. Hamilton III; Debra Schlafmann
    Date: 2005
    Source: In: Ralph, C. John; Rich, Terrell D., editors 2005. Bird Conservation Implementation and Integration in the Americas: Proceedings of the Third International Partners in Flight Conference. 2002 March 20-24; Asilomar, California, Volume 1 Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-191. Albany, CA: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: p. 169-173
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (922 KB)

    Description

    Tricolored Blackbirds (Agelaius tricolor) are largely endemic to California. Over 90 percent of the population occurs within the state. Surveys indicate that populations have declined by 37 percent from 1994 to 1997 and by 33 percent from 1997 to 2000. Tricolors are listed as a nongame bird of conservation concern by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and a species of special concern by California Department of Fish and Game. Breeding tricolors are colonial, and form the largest colonies of any North American passerine bird. In the 1934 one colony was estimated to have 200,000 nests. Tricolors nest in freshwater wetlands, and upland spiny vegetation such as Himalayan Blackberry (Rubus discolor). They forage away from their nesting habitat. The severe population decline is likely a result of land conversion and heavy nest predation by herons, mammals, and corvids. PRBO Conservation Science and California Partners in Flight have initiated a web-based volunteer program to monitor Tricolored Blackbird breeding colonies. The information collected will be used to estimate tricolor abundance, and form management recommendations. An intensive state-wide census is recommended every three years to calculate population size. Lastly, the project will identify key colonies to manage and enhance. Further research and management recommendations for preserving and creating habitat, are still needed to control the precipitous decline of this species.

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    Citation

    Churchwell, Roy; Geupel, Geoffrey R.; Hamilton III, William J.; Schlafmann, Debra. 2005. Current Monitoring and Management of Tricolored Blackbirds. In: Ralph, C. John; Rich, Terrell D., editors 2005. Bird Conservation Implementation and Integration in the Americas: Proceedings of the Third International Partners in Flight Conference. 2002 March 20-24; Asilomar, California, Volume 1 Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-191. Albany, CA: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: p. 169-173

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/31675