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The Woody Plant Seed Manual


Franklin T. Bonner
Robert P. Karrfalt



Publication type:

Agricultural Handbook

Primary Station(s):

Washington Office


Agric. Handbook No. 727. Washington, DC. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1223 p.


The first comprehensive handbook on the seeds of trees and shrubs produced by the USDA Forest Service was USDA Misc. Pub. 654, Woody-Plant Seed Manual. The manuscript was ready for publication in 1941, but World War II delayed publication until 1948. The boom in tree planting in the 1950s and 1960s created a large demand for seeds and exposed the gaps in our knowledge concerning production and quality of seeds of woody plants in general.

Arctostaphylos Adans.: manzanita
Artemisia L.: sagebrush
Atriplex L.: saltbush
Caragana arborescens Lam.: Siberian peashrub
Carnegiea gigantea (Engelm.) Britton & Rose saguaro or giant cactus
Ceratonia siliqua L.: carob
Cercocarpus Kunth: mountain-mahogany
Chamaebatia foliolosa Benth.: bearmat
Chamaebatiaria millefolium (Torr.) Maxim.: fernbush
Chrysothamnus Nutt.: rabbitbrush
Coleogyne ramosissima Torr.: blackbrush
Cotoneaster Medik.: cotoneaster
Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link: Scotch broom
Ephedra L.: ephedra or Mormon-tea
Eriogonum Michx.: wild-buckwheat, buckwheatbrush
Fallugia paradoxa (D. Don) Endl. ex Torr.: Apache-plume
Fremontodendron Coville: fremontia, flannelbush
Garrya Dougl. ex Lindl.: silktassel
Ginkgo biloba L.: ginkgo
Grayia spinosa (Hook.) Moq.: spiny hopsage
Heteromeles arbutifolia (Lindl.) M. Roemer: Christmasberry
Hippophae rhamnoides L.: common seabuckthorn
Holodiscus (K. Koch) Maxim.: ocean-spray
Kochia Roth: kochia
Larix P. Mill.: larch
Morus L.: mulberry
Penstemon Schmidel: penstemon, beardtongue
Phellodendron amurense Rupr.: Amur corktree
Philadelphus L.: mock orange
Purshia DC. ex Poir.: bitterbrush, cliffrose
Ribes L.: currant, gooseberry
Rosa L.: rose, briar
Salvia L.: sage
Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii (Hook. & Arn.) L. Benson: western soapberry
Simmondsia chinensis (Link) Schneid.: jojoba
Spiraea L.: spirea
Syringa L.: lilac
Tamarix chinensis Lour.: saltcedar or five-stamen tamarisk
Ulex europaeus L.: common gorse
Yucca L.: yucca
Zuckia brandegei (Gray) Welsh & Stutz ex Welsh: siltbush


Bonner, Franklin T.; Karrfalt, Robert P., eds. 2008. The Woody Plant Seed Manual. Agric. Handbook No. 727. Washington, DC. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1223 p.

Publication Notes

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