Skip to Main Content
Arctostaphylos Adans.: manzanitaAuthor(s): Susan E. Meyer
Source: In: Bonner, Franklin T.; Karrfalt, Robert P., eds. The Woody Plant Seed Manual. Agric. Handbook No. 727. Washington, DC. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. p. 266-270.
Publication Series: Agricultural Handbook
Station: Washington Office
PDF: Download Publication (204.0 KB)
DescriptionThe shrub genus Arctostaphylos, or manzanita, comprises about 50 species, 90% of which are endemic to California and adjacent areas (Munz and Keck 1959). Three species - greenleaf manzanita, Mexican manzanita, and rosybract manzanita - are widely distributed in the southwestern United States and Mexico. One species - bearberry or kinnickinnick - is circumboreal in distribution (table 1). The manzanita habit varies from mat-forming (bearberry) to nearly arborescent (bigberry manzanita). About a quarter of the species have subterranean burls that generate new sprouts both after fire and throughout the long life of the plant (Keeley 1992; Wells 1969). The leaves of manzanitas are leathery, entire, and evergreen. They are major components of chaparral and are also common understory species in montane coniferous forest types, especially ponderosa (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws.) and Jeffrey (P. jeffreyi Grev. & Balf.) pines. They are most abundant in the fire-prone vegetation of regions with dry summers.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationMeyer, Susan E. 2008. Arctostaphylos Adans.: manzanita. In: Bonner, Franklin T.; Karrfalt, Robert P., eds. The Woody Plant Seed Manual. Agric. Handbook No. 727. Washington, DC. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. p. 266-270.
KeywordsArctostaphylos Adans.: manzanita
- Growth characteristics of bearberry in the Black Hills
- Feeding ecology of Merriam's turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo merriami) in the Black Hills, South Dakota
- Influence of ponderosa pine overstory on forage quality in the Black Hills, South Dakota
XML: View XML